Sterkfontein Caves
near Johannesburg

Page updated : 13th September 2019
Page created : 16th March 2013

“...a humbling history lesson at Sterkfontein Caves.“

“The family had a great day exploring the Sterkfontein Caves ....“

The start of the 115 steps that lead down into the cave

Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site

Declared a UNESCO World Heriage Site in 1999, the Sterkfontein Caves complex - roughly one hour (50kms : 33miles) north-west of Johannesburg in the Cradle of Humankind, has, along with East Africa, the world's longest recorded human activity.

Owned by the University of the Witwatersrand, Sterkfontein Caves are one of 15 fossil bearing dolomitic caves found in the 47,000 hectare Cradle of Humankind - so named because it contains the world's richest concentration of hominid remains.

The dolomitic caves in the Cradle of Humankind, which have been formed by chemical weathering, involving water, during the last 3.5 million years, are the perfect preserve for the ancient fossils of our own human evolution.

Information correct
13th September 2019

Every day : 09h00 - 17h00 (9.00am - 5.00pm)
Underground tours every 30 minutes
Last tour at 16h00 every day

Adults: R165
Children under 18: R97
Children under 4: free
Pensioners: R65 (gives you access to both Sterkfontein Caves and Maropeng - valid ID Card needed)
Students: R100 (with valid student card)
School groups: R90 per pupil


Sterkfontein Caves and Maropeng Combined ticket :
Available until 13h00

Adults: R190
Children under 18: R125
Pensioners: R65 (gives you access to both Sterkfontein Caves and Maropeng - valid ID Card needed)
School groups: R120 per pupil

Telephone : +27 (0)14 577-9000
Send an E-Mail

Please note: the combination ticket is only available until 13h00 (1.00pm), in order for visitors to have enough time to see both exhibitions.

Kromdraai Road
Off the R563 and the N14

GPS Co-ordinates (hddd.ddddd)
S26.01739 E027.72925

Unfortunately the Sterkfontein Caves are not wheelchair accessible. The Maropeng VisitorsÂ’ Centre and its restaurants are

Private Tours
Private tours into the caves can be arranged at a minimum fee.

Booking in advance is strongly advised for groups as well as individuals, as visitor numbers to the Sterkfontein Caves are limited.

For the enthusiast, tours conducted by scientists can be arranged at an additional cost.

Before going underground, Norman our guide, explained a number of exhibits in the interpretive, open air museum

Gold Mining and it's Effect!

Fast forward to the discovery of gold in the nearby goldfields in the 1880's, where lime was needed to help with the extraction of gold from the ore bearing rock.

These dolomitic caves which had protected their fossils for eons, were discovered as a source of lime, and were mined - using explosives, in the late 1890's.

The miners, as well as visitors who had started to frequent the caves, discovered fossils, but it was only in 1935 that scientists became involved in their preservation.

Since then, palaeoanthropologists have unearthed roughly one third of all fossils of early human ancestors ever found!

Sterkfontein is not a pretty cave!

There are no coloured lights showing off vast chambers with huge cascading limestone formations, and not many stalagtites or stalagmites remain.
These were removed during the mining!

It is however a cave of immense historical interest.

Hundreds of hominid and animal fossils, some older than 4-million years, have been discovered.

Sterkfontein Cavei visitors Centre and Museum
Part of the small museum in the Visitors Centre

Austrolopithecus means southern ape

"Mrs Ples", a 2.1-million-year-old Australopithecus skull, and "Little Foot", an almost complete Australopithecus skeleton, more than 3-million years old, are amongst the most important.

Finds in other caves in the Cradle of Humankibnd, include six skeletons of Australopithecus sediba, that were discovered at the Malapa Fossil Site (15 kms from Sterkfontein Caves) in August 2008 and at least 15 species of Homo Naledi, that were discovered in 2013 in the Rising Star Cave system, close to Sterkfontein Caves; 2-million-year-old stone tools and a collection of 270 burnt bones, showing that "man" harnesed the power of fire more than 1-million years ago.

Underground lake in the Sterkfontein Caves in the Cradle of Humankind near Johannesburg
The path leading away from the underground lake


It's a bit daunting reading the sign at the ticket office warning you of "very narrow entrances where you will have to squat or crawl", and advise you NOT to do the tour if you "suffer from asthma, claustrophobia or heart and other respiratory problems"!

Add to this the 115 steps you have to go down into the cave and then the 211 steps you have to climb up to get out!

I should mention though, that these deterents weren't enough to stop a young 80 year old Italian signora tourist in our group from going underground!

The visitors centre at the Sterkfontein Caves in the Cradle of Humankind near Johannesburg
Part of the modern visitors centre with ticket office, shop, restaurant and interpretive museum

Numerous sinkholes allow both natural light and air into the cave and the temperature is a constant, cool 18 deg C. (65 F) with very little humidity.

I found the rubber mats that you walk on quite slippery when wet, so wear a decent pair of shoes.

The cave is lit with electric lights, but take your own torch (flashlight) or headlight.
Our guide, Norman, had one, but when I was further back in the group, I missed being shown into some dark areas

There are no places that you have to squeeze through, though you need to bend or crawl through a 1 metre (3 feet) high 'obstacle' at one point!

Entrance to the Sterkfontein Caves
The last of the 211 steps that take you back to the surface

Once back on the surface, you can either go directly back to the Visitors Centre, or via a longer route past the excavations, that have been worked on continuously since 1966.

You walk on an elevated walkway, with a number of information boards, explaining, for example, the landscape and excavations.

Excavations on the surface above the Sterkfontein Caves
The excavations on the surface above the caves that has been under continuous excavation since 1966

The Visitor's Centre and Restaurant

Back in the Visitors Centre, there is a restaurant that serves surprisingly reasonable meals and makes a very good cappucino!
The Sterkfontein Caves restaurant is open every day from 09h00-17h00 (9.00am-5.00pm)

Restaurant at the Sterkfontein Caves
The restaurant in the visitors centre that has some very reasonable food and makes a very good cappuccino!

Sterkfontein Caves
Sterkfontein Caves Road (between the R540 and the R563)
Cradle of Humankind
Sterkfontein Caves website

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